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HomeAnimal NewsA Low-Value Goat Shed Helps Cattle Rearers Save Livestock in Bihar

A Low-Value Goat Shed Helps Cattle Rearers Save Livestock in Bihar


Bihar is synonymous with floods; unplanned improvement and lack of catastrophe preparedness have been amplifying the magnitude of devastation within the area, placing essentially the most susceptible communities, particularly in rural areas, at even larger threat.

The annual disaster not solely ravages the houses of impoverished villagers but in addition the technique of their livelihood. Livestock is among the major sources of revenue for rural residents within the state.

Lack of lives, belongings and livelihoods is motive sufficient to power affected individuals to depart their natives and migrate in misery. So, it’s no surprise why a lot of Bihar residents are pressured emigrate to different states in quest of work.

Nonetheless, Sanju Devi is free from this trouble. A goat rearer, the 35-year-old doesn’t have to fret about injury to her livestock throughout floods anymore.

Sanju Devi has six healthy goats now for whom she has developed a goat shed.
Sanju Devi has six wholesome goats now for whom she has developed a goat shed.

“Earlier, my goats would die throughout floods after getting sick; I misplaced 9 of my goats. Later, I misplaced eight extra goats and just one survived. We stay in misery yearly,” Sanju, who hails from Buari village, a flood-prone space of Darbhanga district, tells The Higher India.

“However, this yr is completely different. Six months again in Baisakh (April/Could), I constructed a goat shed, which has been very helpful and handy for us. Our goats can now survive the disaster. I get compliments from individuals, however some are simply jealous! And a few others have requested me to assist them get a shed constructed too,” says Sanju, who has six wholesome goats now.

What’s a goat shed mannequin?

The goat shed mannequin in Bihar guarantees to guard livestock throughout pure disasters. The primary of its form, this mannequin is designed to resist floods, earthquakes, and even cyclonic storms.

The goat shed model has been constructed by SEEDS in collaboration with donor Heifer International.
The goat shed mannequin has been constructed by SEEDS in collaboration with donor Heifer Worldwide.

A non-profit SEEDS India has been working with the susceptible communities in Bihar to construct their resilience to disasters via modern approaches. The goat shed mannequin has been constructed by SEEDS in collaboration with donor Heifer Worldwide.

Prashant Kumar, the programme knowledgeable, says, “For at the very least six months, many of the areas in Bihar stay waterlogged, placing the livestock in danger. Throughout floods, individuals maintain goats on their palangs (beds) or tie them to the bedside. The water publicity makes goats susceptible to pores and skin illnesses, and in addition makes it tough for individuals to reside round them with the foul scent of urine and excreta.”

“We have now developed the mannequin preserving well being dangers in thoughts. So, these buildings are constructed at a distance of 10 ft from the houses. This climate-resilient area is devoted for goats solely,” he provides.

The first of its kind, goat shed model is designed to withstand floods, and earthquakes.
The primary of its form, this mannequin is designed to resist floods, and earthquakes.

How is the goat shed constructed?

The goat shed is constructed 3.5 ft above the bottom stage in waterlogged areas; usually a ten by 10 shed with 4 concrete pillars on the corners. The shed is made fully utilizing bamboo, ropes, and grass.

To reinforce its pure sturdiness and shield it from bugs, the bamboo is handled with borax – a colourless powder that dissolves simply in water and acts as a pure insect repellent and preservative. “This will increase the lifespan of bamboo used within the construction. Usually, bamboo doesn’t rot for as much as three years, however handled bamboo has 3 times extra sturdiness. Sustainable structure has been intrinsic to us,” informs the SEEDS consultants, including that these sheds can survive as much as 13 years.

The full peak of the ten by 10 shed is 12 ft, and it could home 10 goats at a time. “By preserving goats within the raised construction, their faecal urine is expelled outdoors from the shed,” he provides.

The goat shed is claimed to resist earthquakes as much as a magnitude of 4.5 as effectively. “We have now dug a 3 ft pit and brick dirty it to supply a secure and robust sub-base to the inspiration of the shed earlier than concreting work,” says Prashant.

The development prices between Rs 8,000 and Rs 30,000 relying on the capability and availability of the land. It takes as much as three days to boost concrete pillars and make the bamboo grass roof and partitions.

“We have now began this undertaking in 16 panchayats of Darbhanga district. We work with self-help group members, largely girls. We assist them get loans from the financial institution and assist them assemble the goat shed. We join them with FPOs (Farmer Producer Organisations) who present them with goats. We additionally assist them to get their goats vaccinated and insured as effectively,” says Prashant.

“We get requests by way of SHGs for goat shed buildings. Up to now, we’ve received 130 requests, of which, a mortgage has been sanctioned to 59 beneficiaries and 30 such buildings have been constructed. Folks have began adopting it, and we’re planning to increase this in different districts of the state,” he provides.

Edited by Pranita Bhat; All photographs: SEEDS.



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