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HomeAnimal NewsChandigarh Trio’s Machine Converts Stubble Into Powder to Make Bricks & Biofuel

Chandigarh Trio’s Machine Converts Stubble Into Powder to Make Bricks & Biofuel


This text has been sponsored by Wingify Earth.

An issue that has been plaguing the North Indian states of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh is stubble burning — the observe of burning farm residue to clear the sector to sow rabi crops — which emits poisonous pollution; thereby, degrading the air high quality index (AQI).

As per a Enterprise Commonplace report, 30 per cent of PM 2.5 (positive particulate matter) ranges in Delhi was contributed by stubble burning within the month of November.

The farmers say they don’t have a lot of a alternative as they get solely 10 days to clear and put together the sector for the following spherical of sowing. Nonetheless, GFF Applied sciences, a Chandigarh-based startup might need cracked the code to place an finish to this observe.

The co-founders — Varinder Singh, Nitin Kumar Saluja, and Vilas Chhikara have innovated a machine referred to as ‘Moksh’. As soon as mounted on a tractor, this machine is designed to choose up stubble from the farms and switch it into powder, which might then be used as a substitute gas for boilers and a binding answer for making bricks.

Lack of cost-effective options

Varinder, Nitin and Vilas belong to farming households; so, the trio have intently noticed the issues plaguing the farmers.

“Completely happy seeders (a solution for stubble burning) have their limitations and they aren’t all cost-effective, principally as a result of the soil isn’t very fertile for brand spanking new development. Furthermore, utilizing the crop waste isn’t very possible both due to the amount it’s produced in,’’ says Nitin.

He continues, “We additionally explored an answer referred to as bundling. This technique, though appeared possible at first, didn’t earn the farmers something. Bundling prices Rs 1,000 per acre in a farm. These bundles must be taken to the processing unit, which value round Rs 3,000 per acre. Labourers should be employed to load the tractors, which prices round Rs 500. Then, there’s the price of tractor gas additionally. So, the farmer should spend almost Rs 40,000 for a 16-acre land to only handle the crop waste. Why would one spend a lot cash, time and vitality on this.”

The machine Moksh will get hooked up to the tractor and converts stubble into powder on the go, Image credit score: Varinder Singh

After brainstorming concepts and making an attempt to determine a cost-effective and easy-to-use answer, the trio co-founded GFF Applied sciences in 2018 and got here up with a machine referred to as Moksh.

Explaining how the machine works, Nitin says “The key problem was the price of transportation. We needed to get rid of that fully after which take the answer to the farmers.”

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The standalone answer to stubble burning

The machine, ‘Moksh’, is hooked up as a tail to the tractor. It has a generator set that provides it energy. There’s a mechanism that picks up the residue and sends it to the processing unit — the place it goes via de-watering and removing of silica, after which it’s transformed right into a powder kind.

“Our product is a standalone answer, however we confronted many challenges whereas devising this. Amongst them, one was de-watering; the crop waste has round 80 per cent of water in it. So, we employed the flash dry approach, which is utilizing radiation to dry up all of the water. This additionally helped us to cope with one other problem — the quantity of silica ultimately product reduces its effectivity. So once we use radiation to dry the water, it causes a thermal response which ends up in the manufacturing of silica bicarbonate that may simply be separated in the course of the powdering course of,” he additional explains.

Powder biofuel
The machine converts the farm residue into powder which as be used as a substitute gas. Image credit score: Varinder Singh

“All this occurs on the go whereas the tractor strikes across the farm,” says Nitin, including, “The machine has two variants — Moksh which was launched in 2018 and Moksh 2.0 in 2022, which is larger in dimension and may cowl extra space. The upgraded model is within the pilot section and targets to clear one acre in lower than 40 minutes.”

“The powder is very compressible and can be utilized to make bricks or as gas in boilers. Many individuals wish to purchase the powder straight from the farmer. They promote it for Rs 7 per kg,” he provides.

Whereas initially, the trio needed to make the machine obtainable for the farmers to purchase, they might not do this on account of its capital-intensive manufacturing. “So what we’re doing as a substitute is giving our providers to the farmers. For the reason that undertaking continues to be in its pilot stage, we’ve transformed virtually 10 tonnes of waste into powder overlaying 4 acres of land within the Patiala district,” informs Varinder.

He provides, “We’re a need-based product. Since all three of us are from a farming background, we may relate to the issues that farmers are going through. They actually needed an answer which was pocket-friendly and simply accessible; therefore, Moksh suits completely within the image.”

“As for the longer term, we’re wanting ahead to bringing machines with extra features to cowl increasingly more land. Our core concept is obvious — we wish to give reduction to the farmers who wish to eliminate stubble with out burning it,” he concludes.

Copy: “Our core concept is obvious — we wish to give reduction to the farmers who wish to eliminate stubble with out burning it,” says Varinder Singh, co-founder of GFF Applied sciences.

Edited by Pranita Bhat



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