“Excellent news from CITES is nice information for wildlife as this treaty is likely one of the pillars of worldwide conservation, crucial at making certain international locations unite at combatting the worldwide interrelated crises of biodiversity collapse, local weather change, and pandemics,” stated Susan Lieberman, the vice chairman of worldwide coverage at Wildlife Conservation Society.
“Most of the proposals adopted right here mirror there’s ongoing over-exploitation and unsustainable commerce, and escalating unlawful commerce, and a few are as a result of complicated interactions of different threats lowering species populations within the wild, together with local weather change, illness, infrastructure improvement, and habitat loss,” she added.
The worldwide wildlife commerce treaty, which was adopted 49 years in the past in Washington, D.C., has been praised for serving to stem the unlawful and unsustainable commerce in ivory and rhino horns in addition to in whales and sea turtles.
Nevertheless it has come below hearth for its limitations, together with its reliance on cash-strapped creating international locations to fight unlawful commerce that’s change into a profitable $10 billion-a-year enterprise.
One of many largest achievement this 12 months was growing or offering safety for greater than 90 shark species, together with 54 species of requiem sharks, the bonnethead shark, three species of hammerhead shark and 37 species of guitarfish. Many had by no means earlier than had commerce safety and now, below Appendix II, the industrial commerce will likely be regulated.
International shark populations are declining, with annual deaths as a result of fisheries reaching about 100 million. The sharks are sought largely for his or her fins, that are utilized in shark fin soup, a preferred delicacy in China and elsewhere in Asia.
“These species are threatened by the unsustainable and unregulated fisheries that provide the worldwide commerce of their meat and fins, which has pushed in depth inhabitants declines,” Rebecca Regnery, senior director for wildlife at Humane Society Worldwide, stated in a press release. “With Appendix II itemizing, CITES Events can enable commerce provided that it’s not detrimental to the survival of the species within the wild, giving these species assist they should get better from over-exploitation.”
The convention additionally enacted protections for dozens of species of turtle, lizard and frogs together with glass frogs whose translucent pores and skin made them a favourite within the pet commerce. A number of species of tune birds additionally acquired commerce safety.
“Already below immense ecological strain ensuing from habitat loss, local weather change and illness, the unmanaged and rising commerce in glass frogs is exacerbating the already current threats to the species,” Danielle Kessler, the U.S. nation director for the Worldwide Fund for Animal Welfare, stated in a press release. “This commerce should be regulated and restricted to sustainable ranges to keep away from compounding the a number of threats they already face.”
However among the extra controversial proposals weren’t accepted.
Some African international locations and conservation teams had hoped to ban the commerce in hippos. Nevertheless it was opposed by the European Union, some African international locations and several other conservation teams, who argue many international locations have wholesome hippo populations and that commerce isn’t an element of their decline.
“Globally cherished mammals equivalent to rhinos, hippos, elephants and leopards didn’t obtain elevated protections at this assembly whereas a bunch of fantastic weirdos gained conservation victories,” Tanya Sanerib, worldwide authorized director on the Heart for Organic Range, stated in a press release. “Within the midst of a heart-wrenching extinction disaster, we want world settlement to battle for all species, even when it’s contentious.”